The 10 Largest Cities in Poland

Poland is a captivating nation with an enduring history and vibrant culture. It is also home to some of the most impressive cities in Europe, making it even more attractive for tourists and locals alike. Let’s explore Poland’s largest 10 cities.

Each of them offers something distinctive that makes them stand out from one another – whether you’re planning your next getaway or if you are simply curious about these remarkable places – read on!


Warsaw is Poland’s capital and largest city, with a population of 1.7 million people. It is the center for business and culture in the country, home to some of its most important historical landmarks, such as the Old Town Square and the Royal Castle.

The city also boasts a vibrant cultural scene with theaters, museums, and galleries, making it a great destination for travelers who are looking for an exciting urban experience. Boasting iconic educational facilities like the University of Warsaw, Warsaw is a city renowned for its international-level academic institutions that are sure to enrich any student’s learning experience.


Krakow is the second largest city in Poland, with a population of around 776,000 people. It is known for its rich history and beautiful architecture, as well as its lively nightlife.

There are plenty of cultural attractions to explore, such as Wawel Castle and the historic Main Square. Ranked as one of Poland’s most esteemed institutions, Krakow Jagiellonian University proudly stands in the heart of this majestic city.

Krakow also offers some of Poland’s most impressive parks and gardens – making it an ideal destination if you’re looking for a relaxing getaway without sacrificing sightseeing opportunities.


Łódź is the third-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 700,000 people. The city has long been renowned for its textile industry and is home to many architectural gems from the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Łódź is also known for its vibrant nightlife and lively cultural venues, from the Piotrkowska Street concerts to the Art Museum.


Wrocław is the fourth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 638,000 people. The city is home to numerous Gothic churches, Renaissance buildings, and Baroque palaces. Wroclaw also has a vibrant cultural scene with an opera house, theatres, galleries, and museums.

In addition to this, Wrocław offers plenty of opportunities for outdoor activities like river cruises on the Oder River or hiking trails along the Silesian hillsides.


Poznan is the fifth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 570,000 people. The city has a rich cultural heritage and boasts beautiful historical monuments like the Imperial Castle, one of the most important Gothic structures in all of Europe.

Poznan is also known for its vibrant nightlife and great dining options. In addition to this, Poznan is home to some of Poland’s best universities and educational institutions.


Gdansk is the sixth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 460,000 people. It is located on the Baltic Sea Coast, and its history dates back to the 8th century A.D. when it was an important part of the Hanseatic League.

Today, Gdansk is a modern and vibrant city with plenty of attractions to explore, from the historic old town to the world-class art galleries or unique museums such as a renowned amber museum. It also offers great shopping opportunities and delicious dining options.


Szczecin is the seventh-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 410,000 people. It is located on the Odra River and boasts a centuries-old history that dates back to the 10th century. The city has been under Prussian, German, and Polish rule over time and is still home to many impressive monuments from all these eras.

Szczecin also offers plenty of attractions, such as the National Museum or one of Europe’s oldest zoos. Moreover, there is a range of cafes and restaurants offering delightful local fare just waiting to be tasted!


Bydgoszcz is the eighth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 360,000 people. It is located on the Brda and Vistula rivers and boasts many historical monuments from the middle ages to the modern day.

Bydgoszcz is known for its vibrant cultural life and hosts various festivals throughout the year. The city is a paradise for those who enjoy the fresh air and the outdoors; you can cycle, stroll through its beautiful parks, or simply soak in all the beauty!

Furthermore, Bydgoszcz offers some of Poland’s premier universities and colleges.


Lublin – Lublin is the ninth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 350,000 people. The city is an important center for Polish education and culture and has preserved its rich history over time. There are several monuments to be explored, as well as churches and cathedrals from different eras.

Lublin also offers many cultural venues, such as the Lublin Museum of Art and the Polish Theatre. The city also boasts some of Poland’s most notable universities, such as UMCS or KUL, and other educational centers.


Bialystok is the tenth-largest city in Poland, with a population of around 300,000 people. The city has an interesting mix of Polish and Soviet architecture, which can be seen in its churches, cathedrals, and public buildings.

Bialystok is also known for its beer brewing tradition and is home to several microbreweries. Bialystok offers an incomparable opportunity to delve into Polish culture and gastronomy. The city boasts numerous restaurants, cafes, and bars where you can indulge in a variety of flavors and experiences.

Bartosz is a travel writer, photographer & founder/editor of theuniquepoland who tells stories of adventure, history and current affairs. He writes mainly about travel, with special focus on Poland. He loves travelling, discover new unknown and inspire others.

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