Look At The Legendary Polish Fiat 126p Known as a “Maluch” | A Celebration of Polish Heritage

The Fiat 126 is a small Italian car that has earned its place in automotive history. But what many people don’t know is that it also holds an essential position in the history of Poland. The Fiat 126 was the first mass-produced car on Polish soil, and it quickly gained notoriety and popularity with the people of Poland.

Let’s take a closer look at this incredible piece of automotive history and how it helped to shape modern-day Poland.

Fiat 126

Production History

The production of the Fiat 126 began in Italy back in 1973, but in 1976, production shifted to Poland as part of a collaboration between Fiat and FSM (Fabryka Samochodów Małolitrażowych; Factory for Small Vehicles).

This marked a significant milestone for the Polish people as it was one of the first times that their country had been given an international contract for producing automobiles. This agreement lasted until 2000, when production finally ceased, and all remaining parts were sold off to private buyers.

Fiat 126p

The Fiat 126p

The version produced by FSM was dubbed “Fiat 126p” and featured several changes from its Italian counterpart, including larger bumpers, different tail lights, side indicators and headlights, and interior improvements such as air conditioning, power windows, and a sunroof.

It also featured a bigger engine with increased displacement from 594cc to 652cc, which gave it more power than its predecessor.
This increase in engine size made it popular with younger drivers who wanted something fast yet still small enough to maneuver around town easily.

As such, it quickly became one of the most popular cars on the road in Poland during its heyday in the 1980s and 1990s. It even spawned several rally racing versions, which won numerous competitions throughout Europe during this time period.

Fiat 126p

Polish Legacy

Although production ended almost two decades ago, the legacy of this iconic vehicle lives on today both inside and outside of Poland. You can still find classic versions driving around cities across Europe or being lovingly restored by passionate enthusiasts who are eager to keep this piece of automotive history alive for future generations to enjoy.

The Fiat 126p will always be remembered as not only an Italian car but also a symbol of Polish heritage that changed automobile manufacturing forever!


The Fiat 126p is an iconic vehicle that has played an important role in both Italy’s automotive history as well as Poland’s history as a nation. Its production marked one of the first times that Poland had been given an international contract for producing automobiles which allowed them to showcase their engineering prowess on a global stage.

Although production has since ceased, its legacy lives on through classic examples being driven around Europe or lovingly restored by dedicated enthusiasts keeping this piece of automotive history alive!

Whether you are interested in classic cars or just appreciate incredible engineering feats from days gone by, be sure to take some time out to admire this remarkable machine!

Bartosz is a travel writer, photographer & founder/editor of theuniquepoland who tells stories of adventure, history and current affairs. He writes mainly about travel, with special focus on Poland. He loves travelling, discover new unknown and inspire others.

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